|1949 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2702|
|Balinese saka calendar||1870–1871|
|British Regnal year||13 Geo. 6 – 14 Geo. 6|
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)|
4645 or 4585
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4646 or 4586
|- Vikram Samvat||2005–2006|
|- Shaka Samvat||1870–1871|
|- Kali Yuga||5049–5050|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 24|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 38|
|Thai solar calendar||2492|
2075 or 1694 or 922
— to —
2076 or 1695 or 923
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1949.|
1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1949th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 949th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1940s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January 1 – A United Nations-sponsored ceasefire brings an end to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. The war results in a stalemate and the division of Kashmir, which still continues as of 2019.
- January 2 – Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
- January 4–February 22 – A series of winter storms in Nebraska, Wyoming, South Dakota, Utah, Colorado and Nevada, with winds of up to 72 mph, cause tens of thousands of cattle and sheep to perish.
- January 4 – The RMS Caronia of the Cunard Line departs Southampton for New York, on her maiden voyage.
- January 5 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman unveils his Fair Deal program.
- January 9–January 12 – The Los Angeles area is hit with a massive snow storm.
- January 11 – The first "networked" television broadcasts take place, as KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania goes on the air, connecting the east coast and mid-west programming.
- January 16 – Şemsettin Günaltay forms the new government of Turkey. It is the 18th government, last single party government of the Republican People's Party.
- January 17 – The first VW Type 1 to arrive in the United States, a 1948 model, is brought to New York by Dutch businessman Ben Pon. Unable to interest dealers or importers in the Volkswagen, Pon sells the sample car to pay his travel expenses. Only two 1949 models are sold in America that year, convincing Volkswagen chairman Heinrich Nordhoff the car has no future in the U.S. (The Type 1 goes on to become an automotive phenomenon.)
- January 19 – The Poe Toaster first appears, at the grave of Edgar Allan Poe.
- January 20 – Harry S. Truman is sworn in for a full term, as President of the United States.
- January 25
- January 26
- January 31 – Forces from the Communist Party of China enter Beijing.
- February 1
- February 10 – Arthur Miller's tragedy Death of a Salesman opens at the Morosco Theatre in New York City, and runs for 742 performances.
- February 11 – The London Mozart Players perform their first concert at the Wigmore Hall, London.
- February 13 – António Óscar Carmona is re-elected president of Portugal, for lack of an opposing candidate.
- February 17 – Chaim Weizmann begins his term, as the first President of Israel.
- February 19 – Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry, by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.
- February 22
- February 28 – Margaret Roberts, the future Margaret Thatcher, is adopted as the Conservative candidate for Dartford. She will go on to fight two elections in the constituency unsuccessfully, in 1950 and 1951.
- February 26 – The Revolutionary Communist Party of India stages attacks at Dum Dum.
- March 1
- March 2 – The B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II (under Captain James Gallagher) lands in Fort Worth, Texas, after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight (it was refueled in flight 4 times).
- March 17 – The Shamrock Hotel in Houston, Texas, owned by oil tycoon Glenn McCarthy, has its grand opening.
- March 20 – The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, Denver and Rio Grande Western and Western Pacific railroads inaugurate the California Zephyr passenger train between Chicago and Oakland, California, as the first long distance train to feature Vista Dome cars as regular equipment.
- March 21 – WTVJ signs on the air in Miami, Florida, as the first station in the state.
- March 24 – The 21st Academy Awards Ceremony is held. The movie Hamlet wins the Academy Award for Best Picture.
- March 25 – Operation Priboi: An extensive deportation campaign begins in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The Soviet authorities deport more than 92,000 people from the Baltic states to remote areas of the Soviet Union.
- March 26 – The first half of Giuseppe Verdi's opera Aida, conducted by legendary conductor Arturo Toscanini, and performed in concert (i.e. no scenery or costumes), is telecast by NBC, live from Studio 8H at Rockefeller Center. The second half is telecast a week later. This is the only complete opera that Toscanini ever conducts on television.
- March 28
- March 30 – The anti-NATO riot takes place, prompted by the decision of the Icelandic parliament to join the newly formed NATO.
- March 31 – The former British colony of Newfoundland joins Canada, as its 10th province.
- April 4 – The North Atlantic Treaty is signed in Washington, D.C., creating the NATO defense alliance.
- April 7 – Rodgers and Hammerstein's South Pacific, starring Mary Martin and Ezio Pinza, opens on Broadway, and goes on to become R&H's second longest-running musical. It becomes an instant classic of the musical theatre. The score's biggest hit is the song "Some Enchanted Evening".
- April 8 – Kathy Fiscus, 3½ years old, dies from falling down an abandoned well in San Marino, California.
- April 14 – ON this day, the N'Ko alphabet is held to have been completed by Solomana Kante.
- April 15 – KPFA, the flagship station of the Pacifica Foundation, begins broadcasting in Berkeley, California.
- April 18 – The Republic of Ireland formally becomes a republic, and leaves the British Commonwealth.
- April 20 – Royal Navy frigate HMS Amethyst goes up the Yangtze River, to evacuate British Commonwealth refugees escaping the advance of Mao's Communist forces. Under heavy fire, she grounds off Rose Island. After an abortive rescue attempt on April 26, she anchors 10 miles (16 km) upstream. Negotiations with the Communists to let the ship leave drag on for weeks, during which time the ship's cat Simon raises the crew's morale.
- April 23 – Chinese Communist troops take Nanjing.
- April 26 – Transjordan changes its name, to the Kingdom of Jordan.
- April 28
- The 1949 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference issues the London Declaration, enabling India (and, thereafter, any other nation) to remain in the Commonwealth despite becoming a republic, creating the position of 'Head of the Commonwealth' (held by the ruling British monarch), and renaming the organization, from the 'British Commonwealth' to the 'Commonwealth of Nations'.
- Former First Lady of the Philippines Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.
- May 1 – Nereid, a moon of Neptune, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper.
- May 4 – Superga air disaster: A Fiat G.212 airliner of Avio Linee Italiane, carrying the entire Torino F.C. football team, crashes into the back wall of the Basilica of Superga, killing all 31 on board.
- May 5 – The Council of Europe is founded, by the signing of the Treaty of London.
- May 6 – EDSAC, the first practicable stored-program computer, runs its first program at Cambridge University.
- May 9 – Rainier III becomes Prince of Monaco, upon the death of his maternal grandfather Louis II.
- May 11
- May 12 – Cold War: The Soviet Union lifts the Berlin Blockade.
- May 16 – The Tokyo Stock Exchange resumes operations, after a four-year shutdown.
- May 20
- May 22 – After two months in Bethesda Naval Hospital, James Forrestal commits suicide, under circumstances that seem suspicious to many.
- May 23 – The Federal Republic of Germany is established.
- May 31 – The first trial of Alger Hiss for perjury begins in New York City, with Whittaker Chambers as principal witness for the prosecution, but will end in a jury deadlock (8 for, 4 against).
- June 5 – Thailand elects Orapin Chaiyakan, the first Thai female member of Thailand's Parliament.
- June 6 – With the passage of the Bodh Gaya Temple Act by the Indian government, Mahabodhi Temple is restored to partial Buddhist control.
- June 7–25 – Dock workers strike in the United Kingdom.
- June 8
- Second Red Scare in the United States: Celebrities including Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in a Federal Bureau of Investigation report, as Communist Party members.
- George Orwell's dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four is published in London.
- June 14 – Albert II, a rhesus monkey, becomes the first primate to enter space, on U.S. Hermes project V-2 rocket Blossom IVB, but is killed on impact at return.
- June 19 – Glenn Dunaway wins the inaugural NASCAR race at Charlotte Speedway, a 3/4 mile oval in Charlotte, North Carolina, but is disqualified due to illegal springs. Jim Roper is declared the official winner.
- June 24 – The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, airs on NBC in the United States.
- June 29 – Apartheid: The South African Citizenship Act suspends the granting of citizenship to Commonwealth of Nations immigrants after 5 years, and imposes a ban on mixed marriages.
- July 1 – The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is established.
- July 11 – Pamir is the last commercial sailing ship to round Cape Horn, under sail alone.
- July 15 – In an explosion at Prüm in Germany, the town is badly damaged and 12 people die. The explosion crater is one of the largest ever recorded.
- July 19 – The Kingdom of Laos is officially formed, but is not independent from the French Army.
- July 20 – Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their 19-month war.
- July 24 (St John's Day) – Eruption of the Cumbre Vieja volcano on La Palma begins.
- July 27
- July 30 – Legal aid in England and Wales begins.
- July 31 – Captain Kerans of HMS Amethyst decides to make a break after nightfall, under heavy fire from the Chinese People's Liberation Army on both sides of the Yangtze River, and successfully rejoins the fleet at Woosung the next day.
- August 3 – The Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League finalize the merger that will create the National Basketball Association.
- August 5 – In Ecuador, the 6.8 ML Ambato earthquake kills more than 5,000, and destroys a number of villages.
- August 8 – Bhutan signs a Treaty of Friendship with newly-independent India, agreeing non-interference in internal affairs, but allowing India to "guide" its foreign policy (similar to the previous arrangements with the British administration in India).
- August 10 – the Avro Canada C102 Jetliner makes its first flight; it is the first jet airliner to fly in North America.
- August 12 – The Fourth Geneva Convention is agreed to.
- August 14
- August 21
- August 22 – The 1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake is Canada's largest earthquake since the 1700 Cascadia earthquake.
- August 24 – The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is established.
- August 29
- August 31
- September 2 – Film noir The Third Man, with screenplay by Graham Greene and set in Allied-occupied Vienna, is released in the United Kingdom; it wins the 1949 Grand Prix at the Cannes Film Festival.
- September 6
- September 7 – The Federal Republic of Germany is officially founded. Konrad Adenauer is the first federal chancellor.
- September 9
- September 13 – The Soviet Union vetoes United Nations membership for Ceylon, Finland, Iceland, Italy, Jordan and Portugal.
- September 17 – Canadian steamship SS Noronic burns in Toronto Harbour, with the loss of over 118 lives.
- September 19 – The United Kingdom government devalues the pound sterling from $4.03 to $2.80, leading to many other currencies being devalued.
- September 23 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman announces that the Soviet Union has tested the atomic bomb.
- September 24 – László Rajk, ex-foreign minister of Hungary, is sentenced to death.
- September 25 – U.S. Christian evangelist Billy Graham started the Los Angeles Crusade (1949), his first great evangelistic campaign. It ran for eight weeks. During the campaign Graham spoke to 350,000 people and the event was subsequently described as the greatest revival since the time of Billy Sunday. After this crusade, Graham became a national figure in the United States.
- September 26 – Samuel Putnam publishes his new translation of Don Quixote, the first in contemporary English. It is instantly acclaimed and, in 2008, is still in print.
- September 29
- The First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference approves a design for the Flag of the People's Republic of China.
- Iva Toguri D'Aquino is found guilty of broadcasting for Japan as "Tokyo Rose", during World War II.
- October 1 – The People's Republic of China is officially proclaimed.
- October 2 – The Soviet Union recognizes the People's Republic of China.
- October 3 – Albanian Subversion: First Anglo-American attempt to infiltrate guerillas into Albania; the operation is fatally flawed, by being under the control of double agent Kim Philby.
- October 7 – The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) is officially established.
- October 13 – Severe flooding hits Guatemala.
- October 14 – The Foley Square trial of Eugene Dennis and ten other leaders of the Communist Party USA ends in New York City (the longest trial in U.S. history to this date); all defendants are found guilty and all but one sentenced to five years of prison.
- October 16 – Greek Civil War ends with a communist surrender.
- October 17 – Chinese communist troops take Guangzhou.
- October 24 – The cornerstone of the Headquarters of the United Nations on Manhattan is laid.
- October 27
- Battle of Kuningtou: Chinese communist troops fail to take Quemoy; their advance towards Taiwan is halted.
- 1949 Air France Lockheed Constellation crash: An Air France flight from Paris to New York crashes in the Azores on São Miguel Island, killing all aboard. Among the victims are violinist Ginette Neveu, and French boxer Marcel Cerdan.
- November 7 – Oil is discovered beneath the Caspian Sea, off the coast of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.
- November 12 – The Volkswagen Type 2 panel van is unveiled in Germany.
- November 15 – Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
- November 17 – The second trial of Alger Hiss for perjury begins in New York, again with Whittaker Chambers as principal witness.
- November 24 – The ski resort in Squaw Valley, Placer County, California officially opens.
- November 26 – The Indian Constituent Assembly adopts India's constitution.
- November 28 – Winston Churchill makes a landmark speech in support of the idea of a European Union, at Kingsway Hall, London.
- December 8
- The government of the Republic of China finishes its evacuation to Taiwan, and declares Taipei its temporary capital city.
- The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is established as a United Nations agency.
- December 10 – 1949 Australian federal election: The Liberal/Country Coalition led by Robert Menzies defeats the Labor Government, led by Prime Minister Ben Chifley. Menzies is sworn in on December 19; his second stint as Prime Minister, he will hold the office for over 16 years until his retirement in 1966. Labor will not win office again until 1972, under Gough Whitlam.
- December 13 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
- December 14 – Traicho Kostov, ex-vice prime minister of Bulgaria, is sentenced to death.
- December 15 – A typhoon strikes a fishing fleet off Korea, killing several thousand.
- December 16 – Sukarno is elected president of the Republic of Indonesia.
- December 17 – Burma recognises the People's Republic of China.
- December 18 – In the American National Football League, the Philadelphia Eagles defeat the Los Angeles Rams 14-0, to win the championship.
- December 27 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants Indonesia sovereignty.
- December 29 – KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency (UHF) television station to operate a daily schedule.
- December 30 – India recognizes the People's Republic of China.
- Joseph Stalin launches a savage attack on Soviet Jews, accusing them of being pro-Western and antisocialist.
- The Malta Labour Party is founded.
- The first 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun prototypes are completed.
- This is the first year in which no African-American is reported lynched in the United States.
- Fernand Braudel's La Méditerranée et le Monde Méditerranéen à l'Epoque de Philippe II is published.
- The Currywurst is invented in Berlin.
- D. R. Kaprekar discovers the convergence property of the number 6174.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3 – Sylvia Likens, American murder victim (d. 1965)
- January 7 – Chavo Guerrero Sr., American professional wrestler (d. 2017)
- January 9 – Mary Roos, German singer
- January 10
- January 11 – Daryl Braithwaite, Australian singer
- January 12
- January 13 – Brandon Tartikoff, American television executive (d. 1997)
- January 14 – Lawrence Kasdan, American director, screenwriter
- January 15 – Panos Mihalopoulos, Greek actor
- January 16 – Caroline Munro, English actress, model
- January 17
- January 18 – Philippe Starck, French designer
- January 19
- January 20 – Göran Persson, 31st Prime Minister of Sweden
- January 22 – Steve Perry, American rock singer (Journey)
- January 23 – Siti Hardiyanti Rukmana, Indonesian politician and former Minister of Social Affairs
- January 24
- January 26 – David Strathairn, American actor (Good Night, and Good Luck)
- January 27 – Djavan, Brazilian singer, songwriter
- January 28
- January 29
- January 30 – Peter Agre, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- January 31
- February 1 – Joan Burton, Irish politician
- February 2
- February 3 – Hennie Kuiper, Dutch cyclist
- February 4 – Rasim Delić, Bosnian military chief of staff, war criminal (d. 2010)
- February 6 – Jim Sheridan, Irish film director
- February 7
- February 8
- February 9 – Judith Light, American actress
- February 10 – Maxime Le Forestier, French singer
- February 15 – Ken Anderson, American NFL player
- February 16 – Lyn Paul, English singer
- February 17 – Dennis Green, American football coach (d. 2016)
- February 18
- February 19 – Danielle Bunten Berry, American computer game designer (d. 1998)
- February 20 – Ivana Trump, Czech businesswoman, first wife of Donald Trump
- February 21 – Ronnie Hellström, Swedish footballer
- February 22 – Niki Lauda, Austrian triple Formula 1 world champion (d. 2019)
- February 25 – Ric Flair, American professional wrestler
- February 26 – Simon Crean, Australian politician
- February 28 – Ilene Graff, American actress, singer
- March 2
- March 3
- March 5 – Franz Josef Jung, German politician
- March 6
- March 7
- March 8 – Cho Yang-ho, South Korean businessman (d. 2019)
- March 9
- March 10
- March 11 – Georg Schramm, German psychologist, Kabarett artist
- March 12
- March 13 – Julia Migenes, American soprano
- March 16
- March 17
- March 18 – Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player (d. 2010)
- March 19
- March 20 – Marcia Ball, American blues musician
- March 21
- March 22 – Fanny Ardant, French actress
- March 23 – Ric Ocasek, American rock musician
- March 24 – Nick Lowe, English pop singer
- March 25 – Sue Klebold, American activist
- March 26
- March 28
- March 29 – Michael Brecker, American jazz musician (d. 2007)
- March 30 – Lene Lovich, American singer
- April 1
- April 2 – Pamela Reed, American actress
- April 3 – Richard Thompson, English musician, songwriter
- April 4 – Parveen Babi, Bollywood actress (d. 2005)
- April 6 – Horst Ludwig Störmer, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- April 7
- April 8
- April 10 – Daniel Mangeas, French bicycle commentator
- April 11 – Bernd Eichinger, German film producer, director (d. 2011)
- April 13 – Christopher Hitchens, English-American writer (d. 2011)
- April 14 – John Shea, American actor
- April 15
- April 16 – Sandy Hawley, Canadian jockey
- April 18
- April 19 – Sergey Nikolayevich Volkov, Russian figure skater (d. 1990)
- April 20
- April 21 – Patti LuPone, American actress
- April 23
- April 24 – Véronique Sanson, French singer, songwriter
- April 26 – Jerry Blackwell, American professional wrestler (d. 1995)
- April 28 – Bruno Kirby, American actor (d. 2006)
- April 30 – António Guterres, Prime Minister of Portugal, 9th Secretary-General of the United Nations
- May 1 – Gavin Christopher, American singer (d. 2016)
- May 2 – Alan Titchmarsh, English gardener
- May 3 – Leopoldo Luque, Argentine soccer player
- May 4 – John Force, American race car driver
- May 9
- May 13 – Zoë Wanamaker, American-British actress
- May 14 – Sverre Årnes, Norwegian writer
- May 18
- May 19
- May 20 – Dave Thomas, Canadian actor, comedian (Second City Television)
- May 22 – Chris Butler, American musician, songwriter (The Waitresses)
- May 23 – Alan García, President of Peru (d. 2019)
- May 24
- May 26
- May 27
- May 28
- May 29
- May 31 – Tom Berenger, American actor (Platoon)
- June 1 – Mu Tiezhu, Chinese basketball player, coach (d. 2008)
- June 2
- June 4 – Mark B. Cohen, Pennsylvania legislative leader
- June 8 – Emanuel Ax, Polish-born pianist
- June 10
- June 11 – Frank Beard, American drummer (ZZ Top)
- June 13
- June 14
- June 15
- June 16 – Robbin Thompson, American singer, songwriter (d. 2015)
- June 18
- June 19 – Hassan Shehata, Egyptian footballer, and coach
- June 20 – Lionel Richie, African-American urban musician (Commodores)
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25
- Brenda Sykes, American actress
- Lalith Kaluperuma, Sri Lankan test cricketer and ODI cricketer
- John Taylor, English professional footballer
- Kene Holliday, American actor
- Dan Barker, American atheist activist
- Yoon Joo-sang, South Korean actor
- Phyllis George, American businesswoman, actress, and former sportscaster
- Patrick Tambay, French former racing driver
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2
- July 3
- July 4 – Horst Seehofer, German conservative politician
- July 5 – Susan P. Graber, American attorney, jurist
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9
- July 11
- July 13 – Helena Fibingerová, Czech athlete
- July 15
- July 17
- July 19
- July 20 – Naseeruddin Shah, Indian actor and environmentalist
- July 21 – Tengku Azlan, Malaysian politician
- July 22
- July 24
- July 25 – Francis Smerecki, French football player, manager (d. 2018)
- July 26
- July 29 – Jamil Mahuad, President of Ecuador
- July 31
- August 1 – Mugur Isărescu, 58th Prime Minister of Romania
- August 4 – John Riggins, American football player
- August 6 – Alan Campbell, Northern Irish cleric
- August 7 – Walid Jumblatt, leader of the Lebanese Druze
- August 8 – Keith Carradine, American actor
- August 9 – Slavko Ćuruvija, Serbian journalist, newspaper publisher (d. 1999)
- August 11
- August 12
- August 13 – Philippe Petit, French high-wire artist
- August 14 – Morten Olsen, Danish football player, manager
- August 15 – Beverly Burns, American pilot, first woman in the world to captain the Boeing 747
- August 16 – Barbara Goodson, American actress, voice actress
- August 17 – Sue Draheim, American fiddler (d. 2013)
- August 20 – Phil Lynott, Irish rock musician (d. 1986)
- August 21
- August 23
- August 24 – Charles Rocket, American actor (Saturday Night Live) (d. 2005)
- August 25
- August 26 – Leon Redbone, Canadian-American singer, songwriter, actor, voice actor, and guitarist (d. 2019)
- August 28
- August 29 – Stan Hansen, American professional wrestler
- August 30 – Peter Maffay, German singer
- August 31
- September 1
- September 7
- September 9
- September 10 – Bill O'Reilly, American conservative radio and television commentator
- September 13 – John W. Henry, American foreign exchange advisor, Boston Red Sox owner
- September 14
- September 15 – Joe Barton, American politician
- September 16
- September 17 – Didith Reyes, Filipina singer (d. 2008)
- September 18
- September 19
- September 22 – Dean Goss, American game show announcer, disc jockey
- September 23 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer, songwriter (Born in the USA)
- September 25
- September 26 – Jane Smiley, American novelist
- September 27 – Mike Schmidt, American baseball player
- September 29 – Wenceslao Selga Padilla, Filipino scheut priest (d. 2018)
- October 1
- October 2
- October 3 – Svika Pick, Israeli musician
- October 4
- October 6 – Bobby Farrell, West Indian-born Dutch dancer (Boney M.) (d. 2010)
- October 7 – Ronnie Mund, American television personality
- October 8
- October 9 – Rod Temperton, English songwriter, record producer and musician (d. 2016)
- October 10 – Jessica Harper, American actress, producer
- October 12 – Carlos the Jackal, Venezuelan-born international terrorist
- October 13 – Rick Vito, American musician
- October 14 – Katha Pollitt, American writer
- October 17
- October 20 – Valeriy Borzov, Ukrainian athlete
- October 21
- October 22
- October 26 – Antonio Carpio, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
- October 27
- October 28 – Caitlyn Jenner, American transgender track and field athlete, reality star
- October 30 – Pramod Mahajan, Indian politician, strategist (d. 2006)
- November 1
- November 2
- Marc Elrich, American politician
- November 3
- November 5
- November 6 – Joseph C. Wilson, former United States diplomat
- November 7
- November 8 – Bonnie Raitt, American singer, guitarist
- November 15 – David Rubinstein, American pianist, composer
- November 17 – John Boehner, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
- November 19 – Ahmad Rashād, American sportscaster, television personality
- November 22 – Shaun Garnett, English footballer, coach
- November 23
- November 24
- November 25
- November 26
- November 28
- November 29
- November 30 – Nicholas Woodeson, English actor
- December 1
- December 3
- December 4
- December 5
- December 6
- December 7
- December 8 – Mary Gordon, American writer
- December 12 – Bill Nighy, English actor
- December 13
- December 14 – Bill Buckner, American baseball player (d. 2019)
- December 15
- December 16 – Billy Gibbons, American guitarist (ZZ Top)
- December 17
- December 18 – David A. Johnston, American volcanologist (d. 1980)
- December 19
- December 20
- December 21 – Thomas Sankara, 2-Time President of Burkina Faso (d. 1987)
- December 22
- December 24 – Randy Neugebauer, American politician
- December 25
- December 26 – José Ramos-Horta, President of East Timor, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- December 27 – Klaus Fischer, German footballer
- December 28 – Barbara De Fina, American film producer
- Bakri Hassan Saleh, 12th Prime Minister of Sudan
- January 6
- January 7
- January 8 – Yoshijirō Umezu, Japanese general (b. 1882)
- January 9
- January 11 – Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1889)
- January 13 – Eduardo Barron, Spanish engineer, pilot (b. 1888)
- January 14
- January 19 – William Wright, American actor (b. 1911)
- January 21 – Joseph Cawthorn, American actor (b. 1868)
- January 22
- January 23 – Erich Klossowski, German-born Polish historian, painter (b. 1875)
- January 28 – Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (b. 1908)
- January 31 – Henri De Vries, Dutch actor (b. 1864)
- February 1 – Herbert Stothart, American composer (b. 1885)
- February 2
- February 3 – Carlos Obligado, Argentine poet, critic and writer (b. 1889)
- February 6 – Hiroaki Abe, Japanese admiral (b. 1889)
- February 10
- Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry, British politician (b. 1878)
- Francesco Ticciati, Italian composer, pianist, teacher and lecturer (b. 1893)
- February 11 – Giovanni Zenatello, Italian opera singer (b. 1876)
- February 12 – Imam Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906) (assassinated)
- February 14 – Fernand Desprès, French shoemaker, anarchist, journalist and activist (b. 1879)
- February 15
- February 16 – Umberto Brunelleschi, Italian artist (b. 1879)
- February 18 – Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, Spanish lawyer, politician and 6th President of Spain (b. 1877)
- February 19 – Fidelio Ponce de León, Cuban painter (b. 1895)
- February 21 – Tan Malaka, Indonesian teacher, philosopher, founder of Struggle Union and Murba Party, guerilla and fighter (b. 1897)
- February 25 – Juan Sinforiano Bogarín, Paraguayan clergyman, Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1863)
- March 2 – Sarojini Naidu, Indian independence activist, poet (b. 1879)
- March 3 – Carrie Ashton Johnson, American editor, author (b. 1863)
- March 4 – James Rowland Angell, American psychologist and educator (b. 1869)
- March 7 – Bradbury Robinson, American who threw the first forward pass in American football history in 1906 (b. 1884)
- March 9 – Prince Philip of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (b. 1885)
- March 10 – Alphonse Hustache, French entomologist (b. 1872)
- March 11
- March 15 – Gheorghe Brăescu, Romanian writer (b. 1871)
- March 16 – Leyland Hodgson, British-born American actor (b. 1892)
- March 17 – Felix Bressart, German-born American actor (b. 1892)
- March 19 – James Somerville, British admiral (b. 1882)
- March 25
- March 27
- March 28
- March 29 – Inabata Katsutaro, Japanese industrialist, pioneer (b. 1862)
- March 30
- April 1 – Evelyn Owen, Australian gun designer (b. 1915)
- April 2
- April 5 – Hugh Allan, Canadian politician (b. 1865)
- April 6 – Sir Seymour Hicks, British actor (b. 1871)
- April 7 – Mikhail Denisenko, Soviet general (b. 1899)
- April 8
- April 13 – Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano, Mexican poet, literary critic, editor and teacher (b. 1899)
- April 14 – Reginald Hine, British solicitor, historian (b. 1883)
- April 15 – Wallace Beery, American actor (b. 1885)
- April 16 – Joseph Augustine Cushman, American geologist, paleontologist and foraminiferologist (b. 1881)
- April 18 – Will Hay, British comedian, actor (b. 1888)
- April 19
- April 22 – Charles Middleton, American actor (b. 1874)
- April 27 – Patrick Lyons, Irish Roman Catholic prelate, reverend (b. 1875)
- April 28
- April 29
- May 1
- May 4 – Valerio Bacigalupo, Italian goalkeeper (b. 1924)
- May 5 – Hideo Nagata, Japanese poet, playwright (b. 1885)
- May 6
- May 9 – Louis II, Prince of Monaco (b. 1870)
- May 10 – Emilio de Gogorza, American baritone (b. 1872)
- May 13 – Sawnie R. Aldredge, American attorney, judge (b. 1890)
- May 19 – Paul Schultze-Naumburg, German architect, painter, publicist and politician (b. 1869)
- May 20 – Damaskinos of Athens, Archbishop of Athens, 57th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1891)
- May 22
- May 23 – Jan Frans De Boever, Belgian painter (b. 1872)
- May 27 – Robert Ripley, American creator of Ripley's Believe It or Not! (b. 1890)
- May 30 – Igor Belkovich, Soviet astronomer (b. 1904)
- Date unknown – Abd Allah Siraj, Prime Minister of Jordan (b. c. 1876)
- June 3 – Carlo Angela, Italian doctor (b. 1875)
- June 8
- June 9 – Maria Cebotari, Romanian soprano, actress (b. 1910)
- June 10
- June 11 – Giovanni Gioviale, Italian composer (b. 1885)
- June 12 – Maria Candida of the Eucharist, Italian Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1884)
- June 14 – Russell Doubleday, American author, publisher (b. 1872)
- June 19 – Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
- June 22 – Robert Boudrioz, French screenwriter, director (b. 1887)
- June 24 – Themistoklis Sofoulis, Greek politician, 3-time Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1860)
- June 25 – Buck Freeman, American baseball player (b. 1871)
- July 2 – Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgarian Communist leader, politician and 32nd Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1882)
- July 9 – Fritz Hart, British composer (b. 1874)
- July 11 – Corneliu Dragalina, Romania general, leader of World War II (b. 1887)
- July 12 – Douglas Hyde, Irish academic, linguist and scholar, 1st President of Ireland (b. 1860)
- July 15
- July 18
- July 21 – Cesare Formichi, Italian baritone (b. 1883)
- July 23 – Masaharu Anesaki, Japanese scholar (b. 1873)
- July 24 – Nils Östensson, Swedish Olympic cross-country skier (b. 1918)
- July 26 – Linda Arvidson, American actress (b. 1884)
- July 27 – Ellery Harding Clark, American Olympic athlete (b. 1874)
- July 29 – József Koszta, Hungarian painter (b. 1861)
- July 30
- July 31 – Alfred Bashford, English cricketer (b. 1881)
- August 3 – Ignotus, Hungarian editor, writer (b. 1869)
- August 4 – Liberato Pinto, 78th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1880)
- August 5 – Ernest Fourneau, French chemist, pharmacologist (b. 1872)
- August 9
- August 10 – Homer Burton Adkins, American chemist (b. 1892)
- August 12
- August 14
- August 16
- August 17 – Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist, politician (b. 1891)
- August 18 – Paul Mares, American musician (b. 1900)
- August 20 – Ludwig Halberstädter, German-born Israeli radiologist (b. 1876)
- August 22 – Amado Aguirre Santiago, Mexican general, politician (b. 1863)
- August 23 – Domingo Díaz Arosemena, Panamian politician, 12th President of Panama (b. 1875)
- August 27
- August 29 – Franciszek Latinik, Polish general (b. 1864)
- August 30
- September 7 – José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (b. 1883)
- September 8 – Richard Strauss, German composer (Also Sprach Zarathustra) (b. 1864)
- September 10 – Wiley Rutledge, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1894)
- September 12 – Harry Burleigh, American composer (b. 1866)
- September 13
- September 14
- September 15 – Heinie Beckendorf, American baseball catcher (b. 1884)
- September 18 – Frank Morgan, American actor (b. 1890)
- September 19
- September 20 – Richard Dix, American actor (b. 1893)
- September 22 – Sam Wood, American director (b. 1883)
- September 24 – Pierre de Bréville, French composer (b. 1861)
- September 25 – Peter Nielsen, Danish actor (b. 1876)
- September 27 – David Adler, American architect (b. 1882)
- September 28
- October 1
- October 2 – Luis Armiñán Pérez, Spanish politician (b. 1871)
- October 4 – Federico Beltrán Masses, Spanish painter (b. 1885)
- October 5 – Yoshio Kodaira, Japanese rapist, serial killer (b. 1905)
- October 6 – Timotheos Evangelinidis, Greek Orthodox priest, bishop (b. 1880)
- October 7 – Matiu Ratana, New Zealand politician (b. 1912)
- October 8 – Gheorghe Mironescu, Romanian politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1874)
- October 9 – Emanuele Foà, Italian engineer, physicist (b. 1892)
- October 14
- October 15
- October 21 – Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena, Colombian Roman Catholic religious professed and saint (b. 1874)
- October 22 – Craig Reynolds, American actor (b. 1907)
- October 23
- October 27
- October 28
- October 29 – George Gurdjieff, Soviet spiritual teacher (b. 1866)
- October 31
- November – María Josepha Sophia de Iturbide, head of the Imperial House of Mexico (b. 1872)
- November 2
- November 3 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American philanthropist (b. 1861)
- November 4 – Walther von Bonstetten, Swiss Boy Scout Association member (b. 1867)
- November 5 – Abdolhossein Hazhir, 54th Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1899)
- November 8 – August Hagenbach, Swiss physicist (b. 1871)
- November 11
- November 15 – Nathuram Godse, assassin of Mohandas Gandhi (b. 1910), and his accomplice, Narayan Apte (b. 1911)
- November 19 – James Ensor, Belgian painter (b. 1860)
- November 23 – Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria (b. 1859)
- November 25
- November 27
- November 30 – Dame Irene Vanbrugh, British actress (b. 1872)
- December 3
- December 5 – Arthur Bedford, British navy officer (b. 1881)
- December 6
- December 7
- December 8 – George Barnes, Australian businessman, politician (b. 1856)
- December 11
- December 16
- December 22 – Manuel Camus, Filipino lawyer, politician (b. 1875)
- December 23 – Felix Kaufmann, Austrian-born American philosopher (b. 1895)
- December 24 – Gertrude Bacon, British aeronautical pioneer (b. 1874)
- December 25 – Leon Schlesinger, American producer, filmmaker (b. 1884)
- December 26 – Julius Brandt, Austrian actor (b. 1873)
- December 27 – Antoni Ponikowski, Polish academician, politician and 7th Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1878)
- December 28
- December 30 – Leopold IV, Prince of Lippe (b. 1871)
- December 31
- Physics – Yukawa Hideki
- Chemistry – William Francis Giauque
- Medicine – Walter Rudolf Hess and António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
- Literature – William Faulkner
- Peace – John Boyd Orr
- "'Big bang' astronomer dies". BBC News. 2001-08-22. Archived from the original on 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- Croswell, Ken (1995). "Chapter 9". The Alchemy of the Heavens. Anchor Books. ISBN 0-385-47213-7.
- Mitton, Simon (2005). Fred Hoyle: a Life in Science. Aurum Press. p. 127. ISBN 1-85410-961-8.
- "Pioneer computer to be rebuilt". Cam. 62: 5. 2011.
- "Year by Year 1949". History Channel International.
- "Constitution of India". Archived from the original on 2003-12-05. Retrieved 2003-11-27.
- "Address given by Winston Churchill (London, 28 November 1949)". cvce.eu. Retrieved 2017-03-28.
- Boardman, Barrington (1988). From Harding to Hiroshima. p. 14. ISBN 0-934878-94-3.