1992 Philippine presidential election
Election results per province/city.
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections of 1992 were held on May 11, 1992. This was the first general election held under the 1987 Constitution. An estimated 80,000 candidates ran for 17,000 posts from the presidency down to municipal councilors.
The new constitution limited the president to a single six-year term with no possibility of reelection, even if nonsuccessive. Although some of President Corazon Aquino's advisers suggested that she could run for a second term, as she was sworn in before the 1987 Constitution took effect, Aquino did not run again.
In the presidential election, retired general Fidel Ramos of Lakas–NUCD narrowly defeated populist candidate Miriam Defensor Santiago of the People's Reform Party. Ramos also got the lowest plurality in the Philippine electoral history, and beat the previous election for the closest margin of victory, percentage-wise (this record would later be beaten by the 2004 election).
Santiago led the canvassing of votes for the first five days but then was overtaken by Ramos in a few days. Santiago cried fraud and filed an electoral protest citing power outages as evidence. Various media personnel became witnesses to the fraud made in the election, where the phrase, 'Miriam won in the election, but lost in the counting' became popular. However, her protest was eventually dismissed by the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
The 1992 election was the second time both president and vice president came from different parties. Movie actor and Senator Joseph Estrada, running with presidential candidate Eduardo Cojuanco, won a six-year term as Vice-President.
Under the transitory provisions of the Constitution, 24 senators were elected in this election. The first 12 senators who garnered the highest votes would have six-year terms while the next 12 senators would have three-year terms. Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) got a large share in the Senate race. Television personality and Quezon City Vice Mayor Vicente Sotto III (also known as Tito Sotto) got the highest number of votes.
|Fidel V. Ramos||Lakas–NUCD (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats)||5,342,521||23.58%|
|Miriam Defensor-Santiago||People's Reform Party||4,468,173||19.72%|
|Eduardo Cojuangco Jr.||Nationalist People's Coalition||4,116,376||18.17%|
|Ramon Mitra Jr.||Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos)||3,316,661||14.64%|
|Imelda Marcos||Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement)||2,338,294||10.32%|
|Jovito Salonga||Liberal Party||2,302,123||10.16%|
|Salvador Laurel||Nacionalista Party (Nationalist Party)||770,046||3.40%|
|Cordillera Administrative Region||76,643||18.14||66,348||15.71||89,441||21.17||76,224||18.04||65,969||15.62||45,133||10.68||2,542||0.60|
|National Capital Region||679,171||20.53||990,288||29.94||572,301||17.30||193,398||5.84||379,846||11.47||438,048||13.24||54,273||1.64|
For Vice President
|Joseph Estrada||Nationalist People's Coalition||6,739,738||33.00%|
|Marcelo Fernan||Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos)||4,438,494||21.74%|
|Emilio Osmeña||Lakas–NUCD (People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats)||3,362,467||16.47%|
|Ramon Magsaysay Jr.||People's Reform Party||2,900,556||14.20%|
|Aquilino Pimentel Jr.||Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan
(Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power)
|Vicente Magsaysay||Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement)||699,895||3.43%|
|Eva Estrada-Kalaw||Nacionalista Party (Nationalist Party)||255,730||1.25%|
- Commission on Elections
- Politics of the Philippines
- Philippine elections
- President of the Philippines
- 9th Congress of the Philippines
- 1992 Philippine general election
- "Phl presidential elections and the stock market". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
- "THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES – ARTICLE VII". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
- Jurado, Emil P. (25 July 1988). "Realignment of forces". Manila Standard. Retrieved 2018-11-08 – via Google News Archive.
- Shenon, Philip. "Aquino Endorses Ex-Army Chief in Vote". Retrieved 2018-11-08.
- "Ramos Is Declared New President 6 Weeks After Philippine Election". Retrieved 2018-11-08.
- Singh, Daljit; Salazar, Lorraine Carlos (2006). Southeast Asian Affairs 2006. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 227. ISBN 9789812303738.
closest margin win 2004 election philippines.
- Servando, Kristine F. "Miriam: I was cheated, but didn't call for people power". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
- Wolfgang, Sachsenroeder (2018-05-30). Power Broking In The Shade: Party Finances And Money Politics In Southeast Asia. World Scientific. ISBN 9789813230750.
- "Single ticket: How about voting for president and VP together?". Rappler. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
- "Erap presidency redux". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
- "Term of Office of Senators". senate.gov.ph. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Banks, Arthur S.; Day, Alan J.; Muller, Thomas C.; 0, 0 (2016-02-01). Political Handbook of the World 1998. Springer. ISBN 9781349149513.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Senators Profile - Vicente C. Sotto III". www.senate.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-11-08.