Chamchamal

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Chamchamal
Town
A Chamchamal town center view, 2009.jpg
Chamchamal is located in Iraqi Kurdistan
Chamchamal
Chamchamal
Chamchamal is located in Iraq
Chamchamal
Chamchamal
Coordinates: 35°32′0″N 44°50′0″E / 35.53333°N 44.83333°E / 35.53333; 44.83333Coordinates: 35°32′0″N 44°50′0″E / 35.53333°N 44.83333°E / 35.53333; 44.83333
Country Iraq
Autonomous region Kurdistan Region
ProvinceSulaymaniyah Governorate
Population
 (2018)
 • Total65,300

Chamchamal (Kurdish: Çemçemal ,چه‌مچه‌ماڵ[1][2], Arabic جمجمال, ) is a town located in Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Controlled by Kurdistan, it is nearest town to the disputed territories of Northern Iraq. Chamchamal is home to the Gorani-speaking Hamawand tribe.[3]

Population and location

The city is a 30 minutes drive east from Kirkuk and an hour west of Sulaymaniyah.[4] The population was 58,000 in 2003.[4] The population in 2018 was 65,300 people including Arabs.

History

The city has a historic citadel, and early Western observers of the region speculated that it has been inhabited since the Sassanid period.[5] The Chamchamal valley is also home to important paleolithic sites of Jarmo and Zarzi.[6]

Climate

Climate data for Chamchamal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
12.2
(54.0)
16.6
(61.9)
22.6
(72.7)
30.1
(86.2)
36.7
(98.1)
40.4
(104.7)
40.2
(104.4)
36.2
(97.2)
29.5
(85.1)
20.1
(68.2)
13.0
(55.4)
25.7
(78.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
2.5
(36.5)
6.0
(42.8)
10.6
(51.1)
15.8
(60.4)
21.3
(70.3)
24.6
(76.3)
24.7
(76.5)
20.3
(68.5)
14.9
(58.8)
8.6
(47.5)
3.3
(37.9)
12.8
(55.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 126
(5.0)
104
(4.1)
108
(4.3)
60
(2.4)
29
(1.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
47
(1.9)
86
(3.4)
565
(22.2)
Source: Climate-data.org

References

  1. ^ "نووسینگه‌ی پاسپۆرت له‌ قه‌زای چه‌مچه‌ماڵ ده‌كرێته‌وه‌". www.peyam.net (in Kurdish).
  2. ^ "Li Çemçemal û Silêmaniyeyê çalakiyên ciwanan -NÛ BÛ". ANF News (in Kurdish). Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Country Policy and Information Note Iraq: Blood feuds". 2017. p. 9. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Letter From Chamchamal, Iraq — March 17, 2003". Poynter. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  5. ^ "Historic landmarks under threat in Chamchamal, Iraqi Kurdistan". ekurd.net. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  6. ^ (UNESCO), Sanz, Nuria (2015-09-07). Human origin sites and the World Heritage Convention in Eurasia. UNESCO Publishing. ISBN 9789231001079.