King Cheng of Zhou

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King Cheng of Zhou
King Cheng of Zhou.jpg
King of China[1]
Reign1042–1021 BCE
PredecessorKing Wu of Zhou[2][3]
SuccessorKing Kang of Zhou
RegentDan, Duke of Zhou
Born1055 BCE
Died1021 BCE
SpouseWang Si
IssueKing Kang of Zhou
Full name
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Sòng (誦)
HouseZhou Dynasty[4]
FatherKing Wu of Zhou
MotherYi Jiang

King Cheng of Zhou (Chinese: 周成王; pinyin: Zhōu Chéng Wáng; Wade–Giles: Chou Ch'eng Wang) or King Ch'eng of Chou was the second king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. The dates of his reign are 1042-1021 BCE or 1042/35-1006 BCE.[5] His parents were King Wu of Zhou and Queen Yi Jiang (邑姜).[6]

King Cheng was young when he ascended the throne. His uncle, Duke of Zhou, fearing that Shang forces might rise again under the possible weak rule of a young ruler, became the regent and supervised government affairs for several years. Duke of Zhou established the eastern capital at Luoyang, and later defeated a rebellion by Cheng’s uncles[7] Cai Shu, Guan Shu and Huo Shu.[8][9]

King Cheng later stabilized Zhou Dynasty’s border by defeating several barbarian tribes along with the Duke of Zhou.


  • Parents:
    • Fa (; d. 1043 BC), ruled as King Wu of Zhou from 1046–1043 BC
    • Yi Jiang, of the Lü lineage of the Jiang clan of Qi (邑姜 姜姓 呂氏), the first daughter of the Great Duke of Qi
  • Queens:
    • Wang Si, of the Si clan (王姒 姒姓), the mother of Crown Prince Zhao
  • Sons:
    • Crown Prince Zhao (太子釗; 1040–996 BC), ruled as King Kang of Zhou from 1020–996 BC

See also[edit]

  1. Family tree of ancient Chinese emperors


  1. ^ Cutter, Robert Joe (1989), "Brocade and Blood: The Cockfight in Chinese and English Poetry", Journal of the American Oriental Society, 109 (1): 1–16, doi:10.2307/604332
  2. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  3. ^ Keay, John (2009). China A History. Harper Press. ISBN 978-0-00-722178-3.
  4. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scrubner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  5. ^ Cambridge History of Ancient China.
  6. ^ Book of Rites, Tan Gong I, 1. Accessed 4 Nov 2012.
  7. ^ Edward L. Shaughnessy in Cambridge History of Ancient China, page 311.
  8. ^ Confucius & Confucianism: The Essentials by Lee Dian Rainey
  9. ^ Hucker, Charles O. (1978). China to 1850: a short history. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-0958-0
King Cheng of Zhou
 Died: 1021 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King Wu of Zhou
King of China
1042–1021 BC
Succeeded by
King Kang of Zhou