List of longest-living members of the British royal family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Twenty-seven members of the British royal family[a] have lived to the age of 80 years or older since the Acts of Union 1707 established the Kingdom of Great Britain. These British royal family members consist of two centenarians, eight nonagenarians, and 17 octogenarians. Of the British royals who have lived to 80 years or longer, 20 have been women and seven have been men. Seventeen of the 27 royals aged 80 or older have been members of the British royal family by blood and 11 have been members through marriage. Of the royals to reach the age of 80 or older, only Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (1776–1857), was a member of the British royal family by both blood and marriage. Four of the British royals who lived 80 years or longer were deprived of their British peerages and royal titles in 1919 under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917 as the children or spouses of enemies of the United Kingdom during World War I and are indicated below with asterisks (*).[7]

The longest-living member of the British royal family has been Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (1901–2004), who lived 102 years and 309 days.[8][9][10] Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester became the oldest ever member of the royal family when she surpassed the age of 101 years and 238 days in 2003, the age at which Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (1900–2002) died in 2002.[8][9][11] Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother had previously set the record of being the longest-living British royal in 1998 when she surpassed the age of 97 years and 313 days, the age of Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (1883–1981), when she died in 1981.[12] Princess Alice of Albany is also the longest-living member by blood and was the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria (1819–1901) and Albert, Prince Consort (1819–1861).[13] The current oldest living member of the British royal family is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born 1921), who is the third longest-living British royal and the longest-living male British royal.[14] Prince Philip became the longest-serving royal consort in 2009.[15][16] The United Kingdom’s current reigning monarch, Elizabeth II (born 1926), is presently the sixth longest ever living British royal family member, the longest-living British monarch, and, since September 2015, the longest ever reigning British monarch.[17][18]

List of British royal family members by lifespan[edit]

Rank Name[b] Portrait Relation Lifespan[c] Duration
By To From To (days) (years, days)
1 Princess Alice,
Duchess of Gloucester
Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester Marriage Prince Henry,
Duke of Gloucester

[19]
25 December 1901
[19]
29 October 2004
[19]
37,564 102 years, 309 days
2 Queen Elizabeth
The Queen Mother
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother Marriage George VI
[20]
4 August 1900
[20]
30 March 2002
[20]
37,128 101 years, 238 days
3 Prince Philip,
Duke of Edinburgh

[d]
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Marriage Elizabeth II
[15][16]
10 June 1921
[15][16]
Present 35,774 97 years, 345 days
4 Princess Alice
of Albany
Princess Alice of Albany Blood Prince Leopold,
Duke of Albany

[23]
25 February 1883
[23]
3 January 1981
[13]
35,741 97 years, 313 days
5 Princess Augusta
of Cambridge
Princess Augusta of Cambridge Blood Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[24]
19 July 1822
[24]
5 December 1916
[25][26]
34,472 94 years, 139 days
6 Elizabeth II Elizabeth II Blood George VI
[18][27]
21 April 1926
[18][27]
Present 33,998 93 years, 30 days
7 Prince Arthur,
Duke of Connaught
and Strathearn
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn Blood Victoria
[28]
1 May 1850
[28]
16 January 1942
[29]
33,497 91 years, 260 days
8 Princess Louise Princess Louise Blood Victoria
[30]
18 March 1848
[30]
3 December 1939
[31]
33,496 91 years, 260 days
9 Augusta,
Duchess of Cambridge
Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge Marriage Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[32]
25 July 1797
[33]
6 April 1889
[33]
33,492 91 years, 255 days
10 Prince George William
of Cumberland
*
Blood Prince Ernest Augustus
of Cumberland
*
[6][34]
25 March 1915
[34]
8 January 2006
[34]
33,162 90 years, 289 days
11 Marie,
Duchess of Cumberland
and Teviotdale
Marie, Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale Marriage Prince George,
Duke of Cumberland
and Teviotdale

[35]
14 April 1818
[35]
9 January 1907
[35][36]
32,411 88 years, 270 days
12 Victoria Louise,
Princess Ernest Augustus
of Cumberland
*
Victoria Louise, Princess Ernest Augustus of Cumberland Marriage Prince Ernest Augustus
of Cumberland
*
[37][38][39]
13 September 1892
[39]
11 December 1980
[40]
32,230 88 years, 89 days
13 Princess Patricia
of Connaught
Princess Patricia of Connaught Blood Prince Arthur,
Duke of Connaught
and Strathearn

[41]
17 March 1886
[41]
12 January 1974
[42]
32,077 87 years, 301 days
14 Princess Beatrice Princess Beatrice Blood Victoria
[43]
14 April 1857
[43]
26 October 1944
[44]
31,971 87 years, 195 days
15 Katharine,
Duchess of Kent
Katharine, Duchess of Kent Marriage Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent

[45]
22 February 1933
[46]
Present 31,499 86 years, 88 days
16 Queen Mary Queen Mary Marriage George V
[47]
26 May 1867
[48]
24 March 1953
[49]
31,348 85 years, 302 days
17 Prince George,
Duke of Cambridge
Prince George, Duke of Cambridge Blood Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[50]
26 March 1819
[50]
17 March 1904
[51]
31,037 84 years, 357 days
18 Victoria Adelaide,
Duchess of Albany
*
Victoria Adelaide, Duchess of Albany Marriage Prince Charles Edward,
Duke of Albany
*
[52]
31 December 1885
[53]
3 October 1970
[53]
30,956 84 years, 276 days
19 Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent Blood Prince George,
Duke of Kent

[54][55]
9 October 1935
[54][55]
Present 30,540 83 years, 224 days
20 Princess Alexandra
of Kent
Princess Alexandra of Kent Blood Prince George,
Duke of Kent

[56][57]
25 December 1936
[56][57]
Present 30,097 82 years, 147 days
21 Princess Beatrice
of Edinburgh
Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh Blood Prince Alfred,
Duke of Edinburgh

[58]
20 April 1884
[58]
13 July 1966
[59]
30,033 82 years, 84 days
22 Victoria Victoria Blood Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent
and Strathearn

[60][61]
24 May 1819
[60][61]
22 January 1901
[61][62]
29,828 81 years, 243 days
23 George III George III Blood Frederick,
Prince of Wales

[63]
4 June 1738
[63]
29 January 1820
[63][64]
29,823 81 years, 239 days
24 Princess Mary,
Duchess of Gloucester
and Edinburgh
Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh Blood &
Marriage
Born to George III;
Married to
Prince William Frederick,
Duke of Gloucester
and Edinburgh

[65][66]
25 April 1776
[66]
30 April 1857
[66][67]
29,589 81 years, 5 days
25 Queen Alexandra Queen Alexandra Marriage Edward VII
[68]
1 December 1844
[69]
20 November 1925
[70][71]
29,573 80 years, 354 days
26 Princess Alexandra
of Cumberland
*
Princess Alexandra of Cumberland Blood Prince Ernest Augustus,
Duke of Cumberland
and Teviotdale
*
[72][73]
29 September 1882
[72][73]
30 August 1963
[72]
29,554 80 years, 335 days
27 Prince Ernest Augustus,
Duke of Cumberland
and Teviotdale

[e]
Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland Blood George III
[75]
5 June 1771
[75]
18 November 1851
[75][76]
29,385 80 years, 166 days

Chronology of longest-living British royal family members[edit]

Name[b] Portrait Relation Lifespan[c] Duration Years as record-holder
By To From To (days) (years, days) From To
George II George II Blood George I
[77]
9 November 1683
[78]
25 October 1760
[79]
28,109 76 years, 351 days 1815
George III George III Blood Frederick,
Prince of Wales

[63]
4 June 1738
[63]
29 January 1820
[63][64]
29,823 81 years, 239 days 1815 1879
Augusta,
Duchess of Cambridge
Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge Marriage Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[32]
25 July 1797
[33]
6 April 1889
[33]
33,492 91 years, 255 days 1879 1914
Princess Augusta
of Cambridge
Princess Augusta of Cambridge Blood Prince Adolphus,
Duke of Cambridge

[24]
19 July 1822
[24]
5 December 1916
[25]
34,472 94 years, 139 days 1914 1977
Princess Alice
of Albany
Princess Alice of Albany Blood Prince Leopold,
Duke of Albany

[23]
25 February 1883
[23]
3 January 1981
[13]
35,741 97 years, 313 days 1977 1998
Queen Elizabeth
The Queen Mother
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother Marriage George VI
[20]
4 August 1900
[20]
30 March 2002
[20]
37,128 101 years, 238 days 1998 2003
Princess Alice,
Duchess of Gloucester
Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester Marriage Prince Henry,
Duke of Gloucester

[19]
25 December 1901
[19]
29 October 2004
[19]
37,564 102 years, 309 days 2003 Present

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This list consists of British royal family members entitled (in the earliest cases retroactively) to the styles of His or Her Royal Highness or His or Her Majesty, as defined by Letters Patent in 1864,[1] 1898,[2] 1917,[3] 1996,[4] and 2012.[5] According to the aforementioned Letters Patent, British royal family members entitled to the style of Royal Highness are the children and male-line grandchildren of the British monarch and previous British monarchs,[1][3] the children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales,[2][5] and all their current or widowed spouses.[4] This list also includes those male-line descendants of British monarchs who, prior to 1917, were entitled to the "style and attribute" of His or Her Highness with the designation of a "Prince (or Princess) of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland."[6]
  2. ^ a b As this is a list of British royal family members, individuals are listed by their British royal title by birth, grant, or by marriage.
  3. ^ a b To maintain consistency within the table, the dates of birth and death are given in the New Style.
  4. ^ Letters Patent on 20 November 1947 entitled then Lieutenant Sir Philip Mountbatten to "hold and enjoy the title, style and attribute of Royal Highness."[21] Letters Patent on 22 February 1957 gave then Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, "the style and titular dignity of a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland."[22]
  5. ^ On 23 April 1799, Prince Ernest Augustus was granted the "Names, Styles, and Titles of Duke of Cumberland, and of Teviotdale, in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and of Earl of Armagh, in the Kingdom of Ireland."[74]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "No. 22816". The London Gazette. 5 February 1864. p. 527.
  2. ^ a b "No. 26973". The London Gazette. 31 May 1898. p. 3388.
  3. ^ a b "No. 30428". The London Gazette. 14 December 1917. p. 13086.
  4. ^ a b "No. 54510". The London Gazette. 30 August 1996. p. 11603.
  5. ^ a b "No. 60384". The London Gazette. 8 January 2013. p. 213.
  6. ^ a b "No. 28850". The London Gazette. 17 July 1914. p. 5552.
  7. ^ "No. 31255". The London Gazette. 28 March 1919. p. 4000.
  8. ^ a b "Princess Alice dies aged 102". BBC News. 30 October 2004. Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  9. ^ a b "The longest-lived Royal in history". BBC News. 20 August 2003. Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Oldest British Royal". Guinness World Records. 2018. Archived from the original on 26 August 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Queen Mother dies". BBC News. 31 March 2002. Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Princess Alice sets record at 101 years, 239 days old". The Sunday Times. 20 August 2003. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  13. ^ a b c "Princess Alice, At London Home: A Grandchild of Queen Victoria". The New York Times. New York. 4 January 1981. Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 12 August 2018 – via The New York Times Archives.
  14. ^ "Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, set for Britain-wide bash for 95th birthday". United Press International. 10 June 2016. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  15. ^ a b c "Duke of Edinburgh: Naval officer, family man and tribal icon". BBC. 2018. Archived from the original on 20 August 2018. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  16. ^ a b c "About The Duke of Edinburgh". The Royal Family website. The Royal Household. 2018. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Britain hails Queen Elizabeth II's longevity on the throne". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. 9 September 2015. Archived from the original on 18 February 2018. Retrieved 20 August 2018 – via The Washington Post website.
  18. ^ a b c "About Her Majesty The Queen". The Royal Family website. The Royal Household. 2018. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester". The Times. London. 1 November 2004. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Britain's Beloved 'Queen Mum,' A Symbol of Courage, Dies at 101". The New York Times. New York. 30 March 2002. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018 – via The New York Times Archives.
  21. ^ "No. 38128". The London Gazette. 21 November 1947. p. 5495.
  22. ^ "No. 41009". The London Gazette. 22 February 1957. p. 1209.
  23. ^ a b c d "No. 25204". The London Gazette. 26 February 1883. p. 1099.
  24. ^ a b c d "No. 17838". The London Gazette. 27 July 1822. p. 1233.
  25. ^ a b "Royal Link With The Past: The Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz". The Times. London. 6 December 1916. p. 11. Archived from the original on 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  26. ^ "Grandchild of George III: Death of Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz". Manchester Evening News. Manchester. 5 December 1916. p. 4. Retrieved 16 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  27. ^ a b "No. 33153". The London Gazette. 21 April 1926. p. 2773.
  28. ^ a b "No. 21091". The London Gazette. 1 May 1850. p. 1265.
  29. ^ "Duke of Connaught Dead In England, 91". The New York Times. New York. 17 January 1942. Archived from the original on 20 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018 – via The New York Times Archives.
  30. ^ a b "No. 20838". The London Gazette. 18 March 1848. p. 1139.
  31. ^ "Queen Victoria's 91-Year-Old Daughter". Boston Globe. Boston. 5 December 1939. p. 16. Archived from the original on 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  32. ^ a b "No. 17365". The London Gazette. 2 June 1818. p. 997.
  33. ^ a b c d "Death of the Duchess of Cambridge". The Times. London. 8 April 1889. p. 9. Archived from the original on 20 August 2018. Retrieved 20 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  34. ^ a b c "Versatile sportsman fostered Olympic ideal". The Gazette. Montreal. 17 January 2006. p. 30. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  35. ^ a b c "Death of the Queen of Hanover". The Times. London. 10 January 1907. p. 3. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  36. ^ "The Queen of Hanover". The Guardian. Manchester. 10 January 1907. p. 7. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  37. ^ "No. 28701". The London Gazette. 18 March 1913. p. 2055.
  38. ^ "To-Day's Royal Wedding". The Guardian. Manchester. 24 May 1913. p. 9. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  39. ^ a b Becker, Claudia (14 May 2013). "Die letzte große Adelsparty vor dem großen Krieg". Die Welt (in German). Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  40. ^ "Kaiser's daughter". The Guardian. London. 13 December 1980. p. 3. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  41. ^ a b "No. 25569". The London Gazette. 18 March 1886. p. 1343.
  42. ^ "Lady Patricia Ramsay Is Dead; Granddaughter of Victoria, 87". The New York Times. New York. 14 January 1974. Archived from the original on 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018 – via The New York Times Archives.
  43. ^ a b "No. 21988". The London Gazette. 14 April 1857. p. 1337.
  44. ^ "Passing of a Princess". The New York Times. New York. 27 October 1944. Archived from the original on 20 August 2018. Retrieved 20 August 2018 – via The New York Times Archives.
  45. ^ "York's own royal wedding in 1961". The Press. York. 20 April 2011. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  46. ^ "About The Duchess of Kent". The Royal Family website. The Royal Household. 2018. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  47. ^ "The Royal Wedding". The Times. London. 7 July 1893. p. 5. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  48. ^ "Accouchement of the Princess Mary Adelaide de Teck". The Morning Post. London. 27 May 1867. p. 5. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  49. ^ "No. 39808". The London Gazette. 25 March 1953. p. 1713.
  50. ^ a b "No. 17466". The London Gazette. 6 April 1819. p. 612.
  51. ^ "Death of the Duke of Cambridge". The Times. London. 18 March 1904. p. 7. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  52. ^ "German Royal Wedding". The Guardian. Manchester. 11 October 1905. p. 6. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  53. ^ a b "Family Tree: House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha". H.H. Prince Andreas of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony. 2018. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  54. ^ a b "No. 34206". The London Gazette. 9 October 1935. p. 6371.
  55. ^ a b "About The Duke of Kent". The Royal Family website. The Royal Household. 2018. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  56. ^ a b "No. 34354". The London Gazette. 28 December 1936. p. 8413.
  57. ^ a b "About Princess Alexandra". The Royal Family website. The Royal Household. 2018. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  58. ^ a b "No. 25345". The London Gazette. 21 April 1884. p. 1803.
  59. ^ "Fallece en Sanlúcar de Barrameda La Infanta Beatriz de Sajonia Coburgo Gotha". ABC (in Spanish). 14 July 1966. p. 69. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  60. ^ a b "No. 17480". The London Gazette. 25 May 1819. p. 905.
  61. ^ a b c "Victoria ( r. 1837-1901)". The Royal Family website. The Royal Household. 2018. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  62. ^ "No. 27273". The London Gazette. 25 January 1901. p. 553.
  63. ^ a b c d e f "George III (r. 1760-1820)". The Royal Family website. The Royal Household. 2018. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  64. ^ a b "Death of King George the Third". The Morning Post. London. 31 January 1820. p. 2. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  65. ^ "No. 17156". The London Gazette. 23 July 1816. p. 1433.
  66. ^ a b c "Death of Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Gloucester". The Daily News. London. 1 May 1857. p. 4. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  67. ^ "No. 21994". The London Gazette. 30 April 1857. p. 1531.
  68. ^ "No. 22718". The London Gazette. 18 March 1863. p. 1563.
  69. ^ "Queen Alexandra: The Last of a Well-Loved Figure". The Guardian. Manchester. 21 November 1925. p. 15. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  70. ^ "No. 33106". The London Gazette. 21 November 1925. p. 7699.
  71. ^ "Death of Queen Alexandra". The Guardian. Manchester. 21 November 1925. p. 13. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  72. ^ a b c Weir, Alison (2011). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. London: Random House. pp. 292–3. ISBN 978-1-4464-4911-0. OCLC 1004571113 – via Google Books.
  73. ^ a b "No. 25152". The London Gazette. 3 October 1882. p. 4459.
  74. ^ "No. 15126". The London Gazette. 20 April 1799. p. 372.
  75. ^ a b c "Death of The King of Hanover". The Standard. London. 19 November 1851. p. 2. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  76. ^ "No. 21265". The London Gazette. 21 November 1851. p. 3071.
  77. ^ Weir, Alison (2011). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. London: Random House. p. 275. ISBN 978-1-4464-4911-0. OCLC 1004571113 – via Google Books.
  78. ^ Weir, Alison (2011). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. London: Random House. p. 277. ISBN 978-1-4464-4911-0. OCLC 1004571113 – via Google Books.
  79. ^ Weir, Alison (2011). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. London: Random House. p. 285. ISBN 978-1-4464-4911-0. OCLC 1004571113 – via Google Books.

See also[edit]